Herbal plant with astringent and digestive effects, used in case of diarrhoea and stomachache, best taken as tea or tincture.


Common names: yarrow, milfoil, carpenter’s weed, millefoil, soldier’s woundwort, nose-bleed, nosebleed plant
Scientific name (Binomial name): Achillea millefolium L.
The term millefolium means “thousand leafed”
French name: millefeuille
German name: Schafgarbenkraut /Schafgarbe
Italian name: achillea
Portuguese name: mil-folhas

Where grows yarrow



Biochemical composition

– Essential oils (volatile oils)
– Sesquiterpenes
– Coumarins
– Pro azulenes
– Azulene
– Chamazulene
– Flavonoids
– Alkaloids
– Salicylic acid
– Camphor
– Linalool
– Vitamin E

​Parts Used

Aerial parts (flowers, leaves, sometimes stems)

​Key Action

Internal use
Adstringent, digestive, spasmolytic (antispasmodic), bitter, anti-inflammatory

External Use
Wound care (wound healer), antiseptic

Medicinal Use

Internal Use
Stomach pain (with spasms), spasms or cramps during menstrual disorders, heavy bleeding during menstruation (used in tea or tincture), anorexia, dyspepsia (digestive disorders or indigestion), flatulence, gastroesophageal reflux (stomach acid), gout, diarrhoea, fever

External Use
Small cuts, (minor) wounds, greasy hair (in shampoos), hemorrhoids, burns, acne, bruises, sprains

Useful observation yarrow

Side Effects

Allergy (rash), especially allergic to plants in the Asteraceae family


Allergy (to yarrow), pregnancy (orally taken), breast-feeding (orally taken)


Bloodthinning medications (anticoagulant), lithium


Yarrow tea (and lotion)

– Essential oil

– Yarrow tincture

– Yarrow decoction

– Shampoos (in case of greasy hair)

– Poultice of yarrow

– Bath of yarrow

Where Grows Yarrow ?

Yarrow grows wild in Northern America, Europe and Asia. Grows good in sunny position. Yarrow is native to Europe. It is a perennial plant and appreciates full sun (or partial shade).

When Can We Collect the Fruits of Yarrow ?

Yarrow can be collected from June to September, especially when it is in flower.

Useful Observation
  • The Latin name of yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is a reference to the Greek warrior Achilles, the hero of Greek mythology. Achilles used yarrow to staunch the wounds of its army during the Trojan War.
  • One cas use yarrow as fresh or dried herb.

Text written by Xavier Gruffat (pharmacist ETH Zurich, Switzerland).  Pictures : © fisfra –,


Did you find this article useful?

Informations sur la rédaction de cet article et la date de la dernière modification: 06.04.2018